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Every sector is being transformed by technological advancements, and the race for innovation has become a key factor in these industries. Digitalization and process automation are among the contemporary changes being implemented to meet new demands. In every field, new technologies are being introduced to address emerging needs, which themselves are created to fulfill human requirements.

At the core of these technologies, waves play a significant role. Each sector utilizes waves differently to meet its specific needs.

Waves: saviour in sports

Waves also play a crucial role in the world of sports. Among these sports, skiing utilizes waves to make skiers’ lives easier. A device has been developed to assist them: An Avalanche transceiver machine is the equipment used by all professional off-piste skiers.

This device has been around since the 1960s and is equipped with two functions: emitting and receiving waves. It emits a radio frequency of around 457 KHz, which helps locate a person trapped under an avalanche. However, for the device to work, both the searcher and the person trapped must have the machine.

The person must wear the device in emission mode, while the rescuer must have the device in reception mode. Basic devices emit only sound, while more advanced ones with light light-emitting diodes (LEDs) display the signal’s intensity. The best devices in this field have antennas and microprocessors that can capture the direction and distance of the transmitter.

Waves in sports medicine

Waves are also used in the treatment of sports-related injuries. Shockwave therapy is one of the methods athletes use to address their health issues.

Depending on the machine model, two types of waves are used in shockwave therapy. Radial waves are generated by an external device that produces high-frequency sound waves directed at the injured area of the body, creating micro-traumas in the damaged tissue to stimulate healing. The other method involves focal waves, which use acoustic waves generated by electromagnetic technology to produce high-energy acoustic waves from a focal point. This method is generally used to treat deeper injuries such as joint and bone problems.

To use these methods, the machine is placed on the affected area, and waves are sent to stimulate healing in the affected area. This method can be used for various conditions, including tendon issues, bone problems (shin splints), neurological problems (fibromyalgia), and muscle problems.

Tracking athletes with waves

To monitor an athlete’s performance, several devices are available. First, the heart rate monitor or electrocardiogram is a device that measures a person’s heart rate to analyze their data later. It is typically placed on the chest to measure the person’s heart rate. This sensor uses electromagnetic waves to detect the electrical impulses emitted by the heart. These waves are then transmitted to a machine, such as a computer or smartphone, for analysis.

For tracking an athlete’s performance, other methods are also possible. Electromyographic (EMG) waves are used to measure an athlete’s muscle performance. These sensors are placed on the skin to measure the electrical activity of the muscles as they contract. Like the electrocardiogram, the electromyographic wave also uses electromagnetic waves. These waves collect data that can be used later by sports physicians, athletes, or coaches. These sensors help increase athlete performance and prevent injuries.

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