A MOOC could be defined as a course which is offered online with a big participation, created especially by universities. MOOC changed the traditional way of learning and offers the opportunity to everyone to enhance knowledge in different fields without fees.
There are two types of Moocs. The cMOOC which is based on the concept of learning community, and building knowledge in exchange. The xMOOCS represents a traditional model of education and lectures recorded on videos without the dimension of the collaborative building of knowledge. Nowadays, the most commonly used is the cMOOC.
MOOCs could be also be distinguished by internet generation:
- MOOC 1.0
- MOOC 2.0
The difference between a MOOC and a simple online course, is that a MOOC is a course that is organised and given entirely online.
Researches show that MOOCs mostly lay on the engagement of participants who organize by themselves, their motivation and efficiency is influenced by:
- Their learning and career goals
- A prior knowledge related to university studies and experience
- Reinforcement of skills
- Common interests of the participants
Somme key characteristics
The number of participants is unlimited (So a MOOC is MASSIVE)
There are no pre-requirements for participants (So MOOC are OPEN)
There are always ONLINE
MOOCs are distinguished from open educational resources because a MOOC represents as whole COURSE
The advantages of MOOCs is that they are available all over the world, most of them are free and they have always a pre-fixed program. Furthermore, the majority of MOOCs propose a certificate in the end of the course but most of the time are fee required, this is the reason why many participants don’t earn a certificate. In addition, MOOC offers various hubs of interaction between teachers and students such as chat rooms, blogs, dedicated websites, forums of discussion…
But online course didn’t appear as MOOCs at first….
In 1971, The British Open University started offer open degree programs. In 2003, Massachusetts Institute of Technology allows digital video recordings of the courses. In 2008, University of Manitoba invented the term MOOC. In 2011, Stanford University launched the first MOOC related to Artificial Intelligence. In 2012 MIT/Harvard University opened the platform EdX, one of the most famous MOOC platform in the world.
How to find MOOCs in French languages
In France, the most famous MOOC platform is “FUN”, www.france-universite-numerique.fr
FUN was created in the framework of digital agenda for France higher education. In fact, the French minister of higher education and research launched a French massive open online courses platform named “France Université Numérique». Fun has a wide audience, especially in countries where French is the mother tongue. Courses are available in all disciplines.
In addition to that there are some other examples for MOOCs platforms which offer also some courses in French language
- Khan Academy