Non-recyclable plastic waste can be used to fuel cell vehicle (FCEV)
One of the great crises facing the global environment is the flood of plastic waste. Since 60 years of human large-scale production of plastic, 6.3 billion metric tons of plastic waste have been generated, and 90.5% of it has not been recycled. They are found in all corners of the world. If we don’t change our lifestyle, there will be about 12 billion metric tons of plastic waste by 2050. As scientific research progresses, one potential solution is to turn these plastic waste into usable fuel sources.
The UK produces about 5 million tons of plastic waste each year. About half are landfilled. British company Powerhouse Energy hopes to turn this plastic flood into an opportunity by using non-recyclable plastic and other waste to produce energy. Powerhouse Energy has developed a process that crushes the waste and then heats it to around 1800 degrees Fahrenheit to produce a synthesis gas-hydrogen, methane and carbon monoxide mixture. Syngas can be burned to generate electricity, and the hydrogen can be separated as a fuel for fuel cell electric vehicle（FCEV）.
Fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) is a type of electric vehicle which uses a fuel cell, instead of a battery, or in combination with a battery or supercapacitor, to power its on-board electric motor. Fuel cells in vehicles generate electricity to power the motor, generally using oxygen from the air and compressed hydrogen. Most fuel cell vehicles are classified as zero-emissions vehicles that emit only water and heat.
Fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) have two main advantages over battery-powered electric vehicles: they can usually travel farther before refueling, and refueling takes just a few minutes instead of the time required to recharge the battery. So for road transportation, hydrogen is the ideal fuel. For large trucks (trucks) and buses, this may be the future of clean fuel because it emits water.
Powerhouse Energy’s process is still in the demonstration phase, but plans to expand to 11 sites in the UK soon. It eventually hopes to build some small facilities near cities around the world, using local waste to provide communities with electricity and hydrogen. Placing a plant at or near a hydrogen battery refueling point will reduce carbon emissions from transporting hydrogen.
People hope that fuel cell vehicles will replace hybrid vehicles. After the end of their service life, hydrogen fuel cells will not cause environmental pollution. Lithium-ion batteries contain many heavy metals, and if they are not recycled properly, they will cause greater pollution to the environment.