E-LEARNING – The new way to learn
The term “e-learning” is widely spread in the 80’s. This term covers “the use of computers and technology as a vehicle for knowledge exchange within teaching and learning”. We don’t need to travel to a training center anymore or to bring a trainer in the company. Online training can be done on websites. It can be of distance education, thematic teaching or e-training.
There are several definitions to explain the term “e-learning” but we can retain one definition. The European Union defines e-learning as “the use of new multimedia technologies and the Internet to improve the quality of learning by facilitating access to resources and services and as well as remote exchanges and remote collaboration”.
E-learning incorporates cyber-culture, it is an element of the “E-marketplace for training”. This market is valued, according to the European Commission, over two billion dollars in 2000.
E-learning 2.0 is an e-learning strategy that utilizes “web 2.0”: a nicer interface, more active participation of learners, a “social web” component, etc. We use sharing services, social navigation, networking or co-construction of knowledge.
The educational content is made available via a electronic support such as a CD-ROM or a website.
E-learning has a few of advantages:
- These supports allow the use of more playful methods and diversify tools.
- It is highly flexible system. We can learn wherever you like and when we desire. The monitoring of this formation is easy and accessible in real time through management tools
- The person who uses the e-learning can work at his or her own pace. He, or she, sets his own agenda and finds of its own performance.
- E-learning allows many possibilities of exchange and interaction as online discussions.
- We have access to a lot of training (free or paid)
- We can choose to include individual lessons or group lessons
- E-learning is not expensive. Indeed, the training costs are reduced because there are no travel costs and no waste of time. In addition, there are no hosting fees.
- The access of the training is generally unlimited.
Very often, e-learning is used to learn a new language. Many users can use e-learning. First, young people and students use this type of training. E-learning can play a role of tutoring for students with a CD-ROM or via the internet. This solution allows students to work their courses and improve their academic performance.
Also, there are individuals who wish to improve their language skills that can be trained in e-learning.
Often, in companies, professionals are often required to take online training to be able to communicate in English or another foreign language.
Finally, e-learning allows to train a large number of employees of a company geographically dispersed. This will form the salaries cheaply.
Although, e-learning has many advantages, there are also disadvantages. Indeed, learners must demonstrate rigor and discipline. Contacts with other learners of training are reduced. In addition, e-learning requires computer and Internet skills to be able to take the training.
Étudiante en Master 2 Gestion et Droit de l’Économie Numérique de l’université de Strasbourg, passionnée de nouvelles technologies et de propriété intellectuelle appliquée au monde numérique.